PSHE, RSE and Protected Characteristics
PSHE is woven through everything we do. This ensures our children have the skills and knowledge that they need to succeed in life as citizens of the world. Our PSHE encompasses a layered approach of both planned and responsive teaching to ensure the needs of all children are met. PSHE knowledge is taught through discrete weekly lessons. We continually try to identify areas where children may need personalised provisions either as a year group or as individual children, examples of which include whole class lessons, counselling and nurture. We take part in national events, such as: Antibullying Week, Local History Week, Safer Internet Day, Et al to raise collective awareness of issues specific to our children. These are shared with parents and the wider community to support conversations and raise awareness around these topics at home. PSHE is taught through six areas: Being Me in My World, Celebrating Difference, Dreams and Goals, Healthy Me, Relationships and Changing Me. Through these key areas, we aim to ensure our children are taught the life skills they need to be safe, well-rounded global citizens.
We teach PSHE in a variety of ways: as a discrete subject, through Jigsaw lessons, via assemblies and through other subjects such as RE, History, Geography, Literacy, Maths and Science, as well as through outdoor educational visits, community work and activities.
There is a half termly celebration that is the same for each year group – these are designed to draw out a key theme from each week and reinforce its application; in turn, this ensures the Jigsaw learning is translated into behaviour and attitudes and is not confined to the lesson slot on the timetable.
Autumn 1 – Being Me in My World
Autumn 2 – Celebrating Difference (including anti-bullying)
Spring 1 – Dreams & Goals
Spring 2 – Healthy Me
Summer 1 – Relationships
Summer 2 – Changing Me (including sex and relationships education).
Jigsaw is a comprehensive and completely original PSHE Education programme for the whole primary school from Reception through to Year 6 (ages 4-11).
Jigsaw has two aims for all children:
• To build their capacity for learning
• To equip them for life
Jigsaw brings together PSHE Education, emotional literacy, mindfulness, social skills and spiritual development. A variety of teaching strategies are used and are mindful of each child’s preferred learning style. Jigsaw is designed as a whole school approach, with all year groups working on the same theme (Puzzle) at the same time. This enables each Puzzle to start with an introductory assembly, generating a whole school focus for adults and children alike. There is a Weekly Celebration that highlights a theme from that week’s lesson across the school, and encourages children to reflect that learning in their behaviour and attitudes. It also brings in the British Values of: Respect, Democracy, Tolerance, Rule of Law & Liberty.
Being Me In My World covers a wide range of topics, including a sense of belonging, welcoming others and being part of a school community, a wider community, and a global community; it also looks at children’s rights and responsibilities, working and socialising with others, and pupil voice.
Celebrating Difference focuses on similarities and differences and teaches about diversity, such as disability, racism, power, friendships, and conflict; children learn to accept everyone’s right to ‘difference’, and most year groups explore the concept of ‘normal’; bullying – what it is and what it isn’t, including cyber and homophobic bullying – is an important aspect of this Puzzle. Another essential element to this term's learning is Protected Characteristics.
Dreams and Goals aims to help children think about their hopes and dreams, their goals for success, what personal strengths are, and how to overcome challenges, via team work skills and tasks. There is also a focus on enterprise and fundraising. Children learn about experiencing and managing feelings of pride, ambition, disappointment, success; and they get to share their aspirations, the dreams and goals of others in different cultures/countries, and their dreams for the world.
Healthy Me covers two main areas of health: Emotional health (relaxation, being safe, friendships, mental health skills, body image, relationships with food, managing stress) and Physical health (eating a balanced diet, physical activity, rest and relaxation, keeping clean, drugs and alcohol, being safe, first aid) in order for children to learn that health is a very broad topic.
Relationships has a wide focus, looking at diverse topics such as families, friendships, pets and animals, and love and loss. A vital part of this Puzzle is about safeguarding and keeping children safe; this links to cyber safety and social networking, as well as attraction and assertiveness; children learn how to deal with conflict, their own strengths and self-esteem. They have the chance to explore roles and responsibilities in families, and look at stereotypes. All Jigsaw lessons are delivered in an age- and stage-appropriate way so that they meet children’s needs.
Changing Me deals with change of many types, from growing from young to old, becoming a teenager, assertiveness, self-respect and safeguarding. Self and body image, puberty, attraction and accepting change are diverse subjects for children to explore. Each year group thinks about looking ahead, moving year groups or the transition to secondary school. Life cycles and how babies are made and grow are treated sensitively and are designed to meet children’s needs. All year groups learn about how people and bodies change. This Puzzle links with the Science curriculum when teaching children about life cycles, babies and puberty.
How would children and their learning benefit if they could be aware of their thoughts and feelings as they happen, in the present moment, on purpose with no judgement?
This is what mindfulness means.
How could being mindful help to address the emotional health and behaviour issues so often acting as barriers to learning?
to be aware of your thoughts and feelings as they arise
to be able to focus your mind on what you choose to focus it on both outside of you and within you.
Thoughts and feelings motivate and determine actions/responses/behaviours. If we are caught up in thoughts and feelings and are not aware of them as they happen, the responses that follow may not be under our control, and may not be in our best interest or appropriate in the situation.If a child can be aware of their thoughts and feelings as they arise and have been taught and practised how to use interventions e.g. breathing (Calm Me) techniques, they can choose to regulate/ manage their thoughts and feelings by using these interventions. They can effectively press the ‘pause’ button and consider whether to allow that chain of thoughts to continue or to change its direction, thus potentially choosing the response, action/ behaviour that will be motivated by it.
If thoughts and feelings are left unchecked they will lead to responses/actions/behaviours (e.g. fight/ flight/freeze responses), and some of these may not be conducive to learning either for the child or their classmates.
If I can see my thoughts as they arise and intervene, I can press the ‘pause’ button and consider my response.
Mindful children can more readily choose their responses to situations rather than react while caught up in the thought-flows and emotions, saving behaviour issues from happening, helping concentration and lessening stress and anxiety.
In Jigsaw, the mindful approach to PSHE, mindfulness is developed in 3 main ways:
a) through the ‘Calm Me’ time in each Piece (lesson). This consists of breathing techniques, awareness exercises and visualisations, enabling children not to empty their minds but to quiet them and become aware of the activity within them and manage it positively
b) through the taught curriculum. Lessons (Pieces) help children to explore their thoughts and feelings, to expand their emotional vocabulary, explore thoughts-feelings-consequence sequences, build their confidence and express themselves in a safe environment.
c) through the ‘Pause Points’ in lessons (Pieces) which ask children to ‘Stop and look inside’ to practise observing their thoughts and feelings relating to what they are learning about in that lesson.
SEX & RELATIONSHIPS EDUCATION (SRE)
All classes take part in a series of lessons concerning health education, sex and relationships education. Sex and relationships education is a crucial part of preparing children for their lives now and in the future, as adults and parents. The teaching programme uses Jigsaw material. Inclusive to this is education around LGBT (lesbian, gay, bi-sexual and trans-sexual). Discrete lessons are not taught around LGBT but it may form part of discussions around family relationships. All of the SRE is delivered to ensure children acquire the skills, knowledge and attitudes needed to accept their own and others sexuality in positive ways, showing mutual respect and responsibility, free from abuse.
In our PSHE Jigsaw scheme, there is a strong focus on Protected Characteristics in Autumn 2, in the topic of Celebrating Difference. However, there are many other links throughout the scheme - click on the 'Protected Characteristics and Jigsaw' link at the bottom of the page for more information. Children also explore these characteristics throughout the year through fortnightly assemblies.
We strive to provide our pupils with opportunities to learn about their rights and responsibilities and appreciate what it means to be a member of a diverse society. Children will be able to navigate their world and develop positive relationships with themselves and others. Our children are encouraged to develop their sense of self-worth by playing a positive role in contributing to school life and the wider community. We aim to have a positive impact on both academic and non-academic outcomes for all pupils.